Why the Church needs her martyrs
Human life is the most sacred thing. Blood trumps everything.
To be sure, many would rush to say that God is the most sacred thing. That God trumps everything.
But in point of fact, that’s not true. Empirically speaking, we behave as if — as well we should — that human life is the most sacred thing.
And this is what makes patriotism and the flag the most sacred thing. This is why the nation is the most sacred thing. Because human life was sacrificed — blood was spilt — for these things. The blood of the solider consecrates and baptizes the flag and the nation. And because blood trumps everything, because there is no holier and more sacred thing than human life, the flag and the nation is the most sacred thing in the world.
I experience this viscerally whenever I’m asked to stand at an athletic event for the national anthem. All around me there are grey-haired men, many wearing ball caps telling about their military service. Veterans. Theologically, I chaff at displays of national allegiance. And yet, I feel awkward standing around these grey-haired gentlemen during “The Star-Spangled Banner.” I don’t want my theological beliefs to be interpreted as a sign of disrespect. These men gave their blood, their lives for that flag. That they survived doesn’t diminish this. For in their memories, as they sing the national anthem, they see the faces of friends who made, as we say, the ultimate sacrifice.
And again, blood trumps everything.
My point in all this is that debates about things like nationalism or pacifism aren’t simply abstract theological discussions. These debates need to, but often fail to, take into consideration the sacred element of human blood. These debates need to reckon with the fact that blood is the most sacred thing we know, more sacred, even, than God. Emotionally, where this argument will be won or lost, blood will trump theology. Always.
And this is why the church needs her martyrs.
Phrased another way, an issue like pacifism cannot be adjudicated theologically. It can only be adjudicated ecclesiologically. Pacifism isn’t about ideas. It’s about blood. And without blood the academic defense of pacifism will never prevail in the pews. Because blood trumps everything. Which is why the church needs her martyrs.
Is it any surprise that the Protestant tradition most associated with pacifism and anti-nationalism — the Anabaptists — is the Protestant tradition with the most robust commemoration of her martyrs?
I’d argue that this is no coincidence. John Howard Yoder didn’t make the Mennonites pacifists. The Mennonite martyrs made John Howard Yoder a pacifist. Theologians need to remember that.
In short, if blood is the most sacred thing we know, the church needs to have some blood in the game if she is to stand as a counter-cultural witness to the blood-soaked flag of a nation.
Because that flag, given how much blood it represents, is very, very sacred.
And blood trumps everything.
Richard Beck is professor and department chair of psychology at Abilene Christian University. He is the author of Unclean: Meditations on Purity, Hospitality and Mortality. Richard’s area of interest — be it research, writing or blogging — is on the interface of Christian theology and psychology, with a particular focus on how existential issues affect Christian belief and practice. He blogs at Experimental Theology, where this post originally appeared.
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